One of the adab taught in Islam is the adab of seeking knowledge. Yes, adab in studying is very necessary. Even Imam Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) once said to the Quraysh,
“Learn etiquette before studying a science.”
Therefore, it is essential to learn etiquette before studying. The following are etiquette in seeking knowledge that you need to know:
1. Intention for Allah
The first thing that must be prepared before studying is to justify the intention. Intend that all the knowledge you will learn is only for the sake of Allah. As Allah says in Al Bayyinah verse 5,
“Though they were not commanded except to worship Allah by purifying obedience to Him in a straight religion and that they should establish prayer and pay zakat; and that is the straight religion.”
Rasulullah sSallallahu’alaihi wa Sallam also said, “Whoever seeks star’s knowledge which he should do to seek the face of Allah sincerely, but he does not do it except for worldly gain, then he will not get the fragrance of heaven on the Day of Resurrection.” (HR. Ahmad)
2. Always pray
In seeking knowledge, we should always pray to be given the ease in absorbing and practicing knowledge.
Allah Azza wa Jalla says:
“And say: “O my Lord, add to me knowledge.” [Thâhâ/20:114].”
The prayer that is usual Apostle usually sasayingnowledge is,
“O Allah, benefit from what You taught me, teach me things that benefit me, and increase me in knowledge [Narrated by at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah, authenticated al-Albani].”
3. Always mean it
When studying, we should be severe and always enthusiastic about getting practical knowledge. As if never satisfied with the knowledge gained, we should always be willing to increase our understanding.
The Prophet Sallallahu’ Alayhi wa Sallam said, “Two greedy people who are never satisfied: (1) one who is greedy for knowledge and is never satisfied with it and (2) one who is greedy for the world and is never satisfied with it.” (HR. Al-Baihaqi)
4. Stay away from immorality
To be able to get practical knowledge and blessings, then stay away from various kinds of immorality. Immorality will make it difficult for the brain to concentrate, so science is complicated to understand.
From Abu Hurairah, from the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam, he said, “A servant when he makes a mistake, then a black dot is placed in his heart. When he leaves it and asks forgiveness and repents, his heart is cleansed. When he returns (immoral), the black dot is added to cover his heart. That is what is termed “ar rain,” which Allah mentions in His word (which means), ‘Never (so), actually what they always try to cover their hearts.'”
Some so many knowledgeable people become arrogant just because they feel better than other people. If you want to get good and helpful invaluable, then stay humble.
Imam Mujahid said,
“Two people do not learn knowledge: a shy person and an arrogant person” (Narrated by Bukhari)
6. Pay attention to explanations
If you want to get knowledgquicklyly, concentrate when the teacher or ustadz explains. Focus on absorbing the knowledge conveyed. As Allah Ta’ala said,
“… therefore convey the glad tidings to My servants, (i.e.) those who listen to the words and follow what is best among them. They are the one’s whAllah guides, and the; eyes are the ones who have common sense.” (Surat az-Zumar: 17-18)
7. Silent listening
One etiquetetiquettesdying often left out is silence when the teacher or ustadz explains. Don’t talk or even talk about things that are entirely unimportant or even unrelated to the lesson being taught. As Allah has said in Al A’raf verse 204,
And when the Qur’an is recited, listen carefully, and pay attention quietly so that you will receive mercy.
After successfully understanding the knowledge conveyed, you should memorize the inside so that it is easier to remember. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,
“May Allah give light to the face of the person who hears my words, then he understands it, memorizes it, and conveys it. Many people bring fiqh to people who understand more than it…” (HR. At-Tirmidhi).
Every knowledge gained will be useless if it is not practiced. We should practice the knowledge we get in tot blessings from Allah SWT.
The Prophet, Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, said, “The parable of a scholar who teaches goodness to people, then he forgets himself (not practicing his knowledge) is like a lamp (candle) that illuminates people, but burns himself.” (HR Ath-Thabrani)
There is no helpful knowledge if it is not shared with others. So spread the knowledge to those who don’t know it. Allah Ta’ala says, “O you who believe! Protect yourselves and your families from the hellfire whose fuel is people and stones; guardians of the harsh and harsh angels obey Allah in what He commands them and always do what they are commanded.” (Surat At-Tahriim: 6).
Those are ten adab to seek knowledge that you need to know. Hopefully, every knowledge we get ispracticall and a blessing for ourselves and others. Amen.