Muslimcreed.com – The Hijri month on the Islamic Calendar needs to be understood, especially for Muslims. This is the history and the 12 names of the months in the Hijri calculation. Muslims have their own date calculations and calendar systems which are often referred to as the Hijri calendar. The Hijri month in the Islamic calendar is 12 the same using the Gregorian calendar. Through this Hijri calendar, you can know the crucial dates & grand days of Muslims. In the past, the beginning of the creation of the “Hijri) the calendar was initiated by a governor of Basrah during the time of caliph Umar ibn Khattab. The name of governor at that time who was in office was named Abu Musa Al-Asy’ari. What is the Islamic historical record of the making of this Hijri calendar? Check out the following review! History of the Hijri Calendar.
At that time, the Hijri calendar as proof of the Muslim’s self-evidence had been known to the Arab community. However, the Arab people are not yet familiar with hunting. In ancient times the naming of the year did not use numbers as it is today.
Then, residents used an important incident to mention the name of the year. For example, what is popular until now is the year of the elephant. This event has also been very famous when the Kaaba was attacked by an army of elephants.
Over time, the needs of Muslims increased by standardizing the naming of the Islamic Calendar. The goal is to make the trading activities &daily activities of the Arab people easier to carry out. Before Drafting
Actually, for the calculation of absolute years, there has been since the past when Allah Almighty formed the earth, moon, sun, & sky. Precisely when the prophet Adam had been sent down by Allah Almighty from nirvana.
From there began to be a human life based on the descendants of the prophet Adam. It was the descendants of the Prophet Adam Alaihi Salam who counted when & continued continuously until it reached the prophet Noah AS.
All events begin to be immortalized &remembered, then used as important moments until the naming of the Hijri calendar. In the era of the Prophet Noah, there was a grand flood that destroyed all his people, except those who followed Allah’s command to ascend to higher ground.
Another moment that was also captured was during the burning of Prophet Ibrahim & a hurricane that befell him.
The history of Islam records everything that happened without being missed. This event was also used as the naming of the ancient Islamic calendar. Arrangement of the Hijri Calendar
The Hijri calendar was compiled because there was a person who complained about the discourse of debt receivables that were not resolved. This turned out to be constrained by when the debt should have been paid.
The naming of the Hijri month, which relies solely on important incidents, is not enough for them to remember. For this reason, Umar bin Khattab took the initiative to compile an Islamic calendar.
Initially, Umar ordered the writing of the Hijri calendar to use roman numbers. However, some disagree with the provisions because the time was too far away.
Then, among the constituents, there are other opinionated ones to use the Persian calendar. Unfortunately, this new view also still hasn’t found a point of detail. This was caused in the Persian system of government, every change of king then affected the policy of the previous ruler.
Until the end, there was a bright spot that for the Hijri fragment counted since the Messenger of Allah hijra to Medina. However, another problem arises in the determination of the beginning of the Hijri month. Determination of the Beginning of the Hijri Month
The debate came again when time began to determine the first month of the Hijri calendar. For the number of months, they agreed to follow according to what had been done by the previous non-Arabs.
In determining the beginning of the Hijri month, some propose to try the month of Ramadan only. Then, another opinion proposes to make the first month the month of Muharram.
After consideration, finally, the agreement for the Hijri calendar began with the month of Muharram. The calculation of days still refers to the time when the sun rises until the shipwreck.
After counting in one month there are 12 months of qamariyah. In one month there are 29 or 30 days. The calculation in a year is 354 days. List of Hijri Month Names on the Islamic Calendar
In memorizing the month of Hijri we often have difficulties. It is different from the generic calendar because it has been familiarly used in everyday use. So that you can memorize it well, especially for Muslims, let’s look at the following review of the list of Hijri calendar names:
In the Gregorian calendar, it begins with January. Whereas in the Hijri calendar month the first month is considered to use Muharram. So, the new year of Muslims is 1 Muharram.
In one month in the month of Muharram, there are 30 days. The month of Muharram itself contains an understanding that is not allowed or forbidden.
The naming of the month of Muharram is for some reason where in the new prefix it is not allowed to hold wars. It is a religion according to a long time ago.
Therefore every month of Muharram in Arabia there has never been a war. They strongly obey & glorify this month as a fairly high month in Islam.
Furthermore, for the 2nd month, it is not infrequently called using Shofar or Safar. if the 2nd month of the Gregorian calendar consists of 28 days & every four years once every 28 months, the month of Safar also applies.
Safar itself contains an empty sense. There is a separate purpose why it is called safar to be an empty moon. In the past, this month, Arab youths left their villages or returned home.
So, every village is deserted, there are only young children, women, and old men. Meanwhile, the young people almost went home wandering. There is a sense of discomfort if it is known by others to be found only in the house.
3. Rabi’ul Awal
In the third month, it is considered with Rabiul Awal which consists of 30 days. In the Gregorian calendar, March makes the third calendar. Although the new year between the Islamic and Gregorian calendars is not the same.
Early Rabi’ul also implies the opposite meaning of the month of Safar. when in the month of Safar poly who wandered, kalua Rabiul Awal was the return of the young men from overseas.
This month also coincides with the birth of the great prophet Muhammad SAW. He was born on the 12th which is often commemorated and celebrated by Muslims in the Maulid of the Prophet.
4. Rabi’ul Akhir
Furthermore, in the month of Hijri, there is the Rabi’ul Akhir. This month it is often known to use Rabi’uts Tsani. In one month there are 29 days.
The beginning of the name of the month Rabi’ul End is reviewed from the activities of breeders &herders. Where these activities were carried out by the person who arrived on an overseas basis but had already settled in Arabia.
5. Jumadil Awal
The fifth month of the Hijri calendar is early Jumadil. This month in one month there are 30 days. The definition according to Early Jumadil is the beginning of the drought.
The origin of the name was indeed in that time there was an extraordinary drought. People have difficulty growing crops and also raise livestock. Then, this moment is used as one of the namings of the Hijri calendar.
6. Jumadil Akhir
The Jumadil Akhir is the sixth month of the Hijri calendar. Another name based on this month is often known using Jumadil Tsaniyah. In one month it consists based on 29 days.
The word Late Jumadil contains the meaning of welcoming the new moon which at that time was a very difficult time. This difficult time arrived from early Jumadil. At the end of Jumadil, it is a day of freedom from a time that you no longer want to remember because it is so difficult.
The 7th month is no longer unfamiliar to Muslims under the name of the month of Rajab. This month consists of 30 days and contains the meaning of procrastination. For this month, it is quite grand because in this month there is an important incident for Muslims, namely the occurrence of Isra’ & Mi’raj.
Thus, the Muslims in the month of Rajab often commemorate the historical moment of the apostle SAW.
The eighth month is the Month of Sha’ban, in which in one month there are 29 days. The month of Sha’ban also contains the meaning of being in groups.
This is because there is an underlying history. Once the Arabs scattered with each other. Well, to maintain the community, there is a proposal to form a group.
The group activities carried out by the Arabs are diverse. These types of activities include raising livestock, seeking water, gardening, and other activities that contain benefits.
The ninth month in the Hijri calendar is a holy month consisting of 30 days. In this month, Allah opens the door of forgiveness as wide as possible for Muslims.
During the month of Ramadan, Muslims are required to fast for the whole month. Before finally entering the month of Shawwal and meeting Eid al-Fitr.
The month of Shawwal has the meaning of happiness. The month that has 29 days is a month full of blessings for Muslims. This month, Muslims will celebrate Eid al-Fitr after fasting for a month.
The month which consists of 30 days is defined as quiet time or rest time. In the month of Dzulqa’dah, the Arabs sit down to rest and do not fight, because this month forbids war.
In the month of Dzulhijjah, Muslims usually perform the Hajj. Then, on 10 Dzulhijjah, Muslims will also celebrate Eid al-Adha which is synonymous with slaughtering sacrificial animals.