Muslim creed – The month of Rajab is the 7th month of the Islamic calendar (Hijri calendar). This month has an important occasion in the history of Islamic civilization. In this month of Rajab, there’s an extremely grand and divine occasion specifically Isra’ Mi’raj Prophet Muhammad SAW. Where the divine occasion is the beginning of Allah’s regulation to individuals of Muhammad SAW to perform the five-time petition purchase and the history of the month of rajablainnya will be discussed this time around.
“Rajab is the month of Allah and Sha’ban my month, and Ramadan the month is for my individuals.” (Kitab al Jami by Imam Suyuthi RA).
The Specialized of The Month of Rajab
Rajab has benefits, one of which is the divine month. Rajab is also called Rajab Al-Haram which in Arabic means Divine Rajab. It’s so-called because it’s among the 4 pietistic Divine Months (asyhurul hurum), where the month it’s prohibited to persecute oneself.
This is a conventional custom and practice that Arabs have been providing for centuries. As mentioned in the Quran and Hadith, Muslims in this month is purely prohibited to perform maksiat, as well as being advised to do sholih charity. The month of Rajab exists between the month of Jumada Akhiroh and the month of Sha’ban. The month of Rajab as well as the month of Muharram is illegitimate. Allah Ta’ala said,
“Verily the variety of the moon on God’s side is twelve months, in the mandate of God at the moment He produced the paradises and the planet, which 4 months are illegitimate. That’s the (mandate) of righteous religious beliefs, so don’t persecute on your own because of 4th month.” (QS. At Taubah: 36)
Ibn Rajab said, “Allah Ta’ala discussed that since the development of paradise and planet, the development of evening and day, both will turn in its orbit. God also produced the sunlight, moon, and celebrities, and after that made the sunlight and moon turn in their orbits. From it comes the light of the sunlight as well as the moon. Ever since God has made one year right into twelve months inning by the look of the hilal. One year in Islamic legislation is calculated based upon the turning and development of the moon, not calculated based upon the turning of the sunlight as the Bookmaster did.” (Latho-if Al Ma’arif, 202)
Regarding the 4 months described and mentioned in the hadith of Abu Bakroh, the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam said,
“A year rotates as it is since God produced the paradises and the planet. One year there are twelve months. Amongst these, there are 4 harams (divine) months. 3 successive months are Dzulqo’dah, Dzulhijjah, and Muharram. (Another month is) Rajab Mudhor which exists in between Jumadal (finish) and Sha’ban.” (HR. Bukhari and Musliwwm)
Why are the 4 months called Haram Months? Al Qodhi Abu Ya’la rahimahullah said, “It’s called the month haram because of 2 significances: First because month it’s prohibited to eliminate various murders. The Jahiliyyah thought so too; Second of all, because the month the prohibition versus dedicating illegal deeds is highlighted greater than in another month because of the gloriousness of the month. Similarly, during that time it’s excellent to do the practice of obedience.” (See Zaadul Masiir, tafsir surah At Taubah verse 36) History of the Month of Rajab
In the history of Islamic customized, the month of Rajab has had a remarkable privilege. Particularly, 7 important occasions in islamic hiIslamicall right into the category of changing the course of history, them.1. Isra Mi’raj
A trip made by the Prophet Muhammad SAW from Mosque al-Haram in Makkah to mosque al-Aqsha in Palestine, after that ascended to the 7th paradise and faced Allah as Allah Almighty said in Sura al-Isra verse
1. This great occasion occurred on the 27th of Rajab throughout the prophetic time of Prophet Muhammad SAW.
Therefore, every 27th of Rajab, Muslims constantly celebrate Isra’ Mi’raj. Aside from being a type of appreciation, it’s also to celebrate the great history of Muslims.
2. Qibla instructions change
The change in the instructions of the Qibla of Baitul Maqdis (Mosque al-Aqsha) to the Kaaba in Makkah, this occasion occurred in the center of the month of Rajab, after the Prophet Saw hijra to Medina. The knowledge of the move of qibla instructions is to test the belief of Muslims in worshipping Allah Almighty.
A small dispute in between the carrier of the Prophet Muhammad Saw “Abdullah container Jahsy” and the professional team of the Quraysh. In the month of Rajab, there was also a small battle between the envoys of Rasulullah SAW led by Abdullah container Jahsy, versus the professional team of the Quraysh, which later on became a battle called the Badr battle.
4. The loss of the Romans
The loss of the Romans in the Tabuk battle. The battle, which occurred in 9 Hijri/630 AD, was a battle that marked the success and supremacy of Islam over the whole Arabian peninsula during that time. Despite the lengthy trip from Medina to the Levant.
5. Freedom of Damascus City
The freedom of Damascus from the guideline of the Romans. In the month of Rajab, exactly in 14 H/635 AD. the military of Muslims under the regulation of the commanders Abu Ubaidah container al-Jarrah and Khalid container al-Walid managed to dominate the city of Damascus and control it. A year after the freedom of the city of Damascus, there was a fight of Yarmuk under the regulation of Khalid ibn al-Walid which occurred on a Monday in the month of Rajab, in the year 15 H/636 AD.
6. Freedom of Baitul Maqdis
sums up, the freedom of Baitul Maqdis from the clutches of the Crusaders. On 27 Rajab 583 H/2 October 1187 A.Decoration., the warlord of the Muslims at the moment, Shalahuddin al-Job together with the military of Muslims, besieged the city of Jerusalem to free Baitul Maqdis which had been controlled by the crusaders for 88 years. The Call to Petition and Friday Prayers started to be chanted and re-performed at the al-Aqsa Mosque.
7. The Breakdown of the Footrest Turkish Caliphate
The history of the month of Rajab which occurred on 28 Rajab 1342 H or 03 March 1924 AD, is the break down of the Turkish Footrest Sultanate eliminated by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. After the breakdown of the Turkish Footrest Realm, the life of Turkish culture changed, as Turkey stated itself as a secular specify. Islam, which worked as religious beliefs and living system, as well as culture and specificity, started to be changed.