The existence of humans as God’s creatures on this earth has an important role in its function as caliphs on earth. Allah not only regulates life related to worshiping Allah, but Allah also regulates how humans carry out their role on this earth as caliph which aims to save the world and the hereafter. In the Islamic concept, humans are caliphs, namely as representatives, substitutes or gods on earth. With the ambassador of his position as the caliph of Allah on earth, humans will be held accountable before him. About how he was a caliph of holy duty. Therefore, in carrying out these responsibilities, humans are equipped with various potentials as minds that provide the ability for humans to do.
So, Islam, the religion that we adhere to and adhere to by hundreds of millions of Muslims around the world, is a way of life that guarantees the happiness of its adherents in this world and in the hereafter. It has one main joint that is essential for guiding the best way.
The Qur’an provides guidance in matters of faith, sharia and morals, by laying down the basic principles regarding these issues. The Qur’an takes various ways to lead humans to the perfection of their humanity, among others, by presenting factual or symbolic stories. The Holy Qur’an does not hesitate to describe “human weakness”, but he describes it in beautiful and polite sentences without inviting applause, or generating negative potential, but to underline the bad consequences of that weakness, or describe when human consciousness faces the temptations of lust and demons.
The existence of humans as one of God’s creatures on this earth has an important role in carrying out its function as caliphs on this earth. Allah swt not only regulates life related to worshiping God, but Allah also regulates how humans carry out their roles on this earth as caliphs whose aim is to be able to save the world and the hereafter.
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Muhammad Baqir al-Sadar as quoted by Quraish Shihab stated that the caliphate contained in the verse above has three competitive elements related to the addition of a fourth element that is outside, but can determine the meaning of caliphate in the view of the Qur’an. The three elements are:
- Humans, which in this case is called the caliph
- The universe, which is designated by the Al-Baqarah verse as ardh
- The relationship between humans and nature and everything in it, including humans.
In the Islamic concept, humans are caliphs, namely as representatives, substitutes or ambassadors of God on earth. With his position as the caliph of Allah swt on earth, humans will be held accountable before him.
Humans with all their negligence are expected to become God’s representatives on earth (caliph). This is contained in the letter Al-Baqarah verse 30.
That humans are a belief in God, even though the risks are great. This is contained in Surah al- Ahzab verse 72,
For that humans are then given the ability to know all the names and conceptsof objects that the angels themselves are not capable of. Therefore the angels prostrate and respect him, this is in accordance with the word of Allah swt in the letter Al-Baqarah verse 31.
|Al-Baqarah verse 31
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