Religious Islam Views in Youth Problems
MuslimCreed – Adolescence is the most beautiful period, but it is full of upheavals and life problems. Adolescence is also seen as a period in the search for self-identity. Adolescence is a phase of growth and development that will be faced by every human being, as God’s creation. Said to be a teenager, because he has passed the age of children and will enter adulthood.
For this reason, adolescence is often referred to by many as an unstable and full of uncertainty. At this time a teenager is faced with temptations and actions that are completely uncertain and unclear. Will he do work that leads to good, or will he do things that lead to evil.
Since time immemorial, youth or youth have been the hope of the nation’s future. On his shoulders, the future of this nation is carried. They can certainly be the determinants, controllers, and leaders in the future, because they are the ones who will replace the previous generations. Thus, their duties and responsibilities are very heavy. What is the Islamic view on the problems and future of youth?
The important role of the family to shape the character of youth
The family actually has a strong role in shaping the character and profile of the ideal teenager that the people want, as described in the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad. It is the family environment, a teenager grows, develops, is creative, innovates, and plants rewards that can be enjoyed later in life. Without the attention and guidance of the family, a teenager’s life journey may be undirected and without a clear goal.
In the world of education, the process of educating a child, including teenagers, to comply with Islamic teachings is not an instant job, like turning the palm of the hand. The process of educating teenagers takes a long time, from the time a human being is in the womb until the time of death picks him up. A person’s educational process continues without stopping, unless he reaches the time of his death.
For example, Islam commands every parent to educate their children to establish prayer. This kind of education is part of the exercise of responsibility to God, and as a discipline exercise for children. This is where the process of exercising responsibility and discipline is very important for a child to instill education in their teenage years later in life.
In addition, the family is also responsible for directing the youth who are in the midst of their fellow human beings. So far, many youth associations, especially in big cities, are not based on religious signs. For example, we often see a teenage boy and girl walking together, even though they are not married. They hold hands intimately, even kissing-as often happens when our teenagers celebrate Valentine’s Day once a year.
In fact, Islam does not allow them to be alone-even if they do not do anything ‘unwanted’. Islam forbids a young man and a girl to be alone without marriage. Islam also does not allow and allow them to be alone in the mosque, even though they are both doing iktikaf. Because, it is feared that such actions can bring danger, both to themselves and their family environment.
Read also : Sunnah prayers
Youth in the way of Allah
A person’s growth and development can be seen in terms of age restrictions, which can be divided into two phases: before and after puberty. A sign for women, puberty is the discharge of menstrual blood, while the sign for a man who has reached puberty is the discharge of semen from his genitals during a wet dream or intentionally. If you do not experience menstruation and wet dreams, then the puberty phase is marked by a maximum age of fifteen years, this is stated by many scholars.
However, the age limit for puberty as mentioned above will have a consequence, that someone of that age-who is also known as a teenager, will be considered a mukallaf who is subject to the burden of taklif: obligations and prohibitions. So, if he does good-even though he is still a teenager, as adults do, then he will get the reward as promised by AllahVice versa. If he disobeys Allah’s commandments, then the reward he will get is sin, which actually comes from himself.
Islam places youth in a special and very distinctive position. Many hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad and the statements of the hukama treat youth as special and special times. In a hadith of the Prophet narrated by Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim, for example, it is stated, that there are seven groups of people who will be given Allah’s protection on the Last Day, and three of these seven groups are teenagers – although non-teens can also be included in it. .
In the seven groups there is a young man who grows and develops in the way of worshiping God. This young man can be said to be special, because in his turbulent age, which is usually away from God’s way, he instead chooses to live in the way of worshiping Allah. It is very rare to find a young man who determines his life to always do good and always have faith in Allah.
In the seven groups there are also two teenagers who love each other for the sake of Allah. They gather and separate for the sake of Allah. These three typologies of youth or youth described in the hadith of the Prophet should be a good reference for today’s youth. There is another youth profile that should be used as a reference for teenagers. Namely, a teenage boy refuses an invitation or an invitation to a girl or girl who has position and beauty, because he has not yet entered into a marriage bond, and with the reason “I fear Allah” (inniakhafullah). Also vice versa. A girl or young girl refuses to be seduced by a boy, for the same reason, namely the fear of Allah. Such refusal is not because of selling expensive or so. Teenagers with such a typology, both boys and girls, will get guaranteed protection from Allah. This is the example that the Prophet described for teenagers, which is a hasanah reference for today’s youth. A teenager is still on the paths of truth from God, even though he often experiences self turmoil that sometimes leads to badness.
Islamic signs for teenagers
The Qur’an has given clear signs and guidelines for a man and woman who are not ‘muhrim’ in socializing. Inter-adolescent association, especially for boys and girls, has clear and strict rules.
Allah says in Surah An-Nur verses 30 and 31 that a person who believes must guard his eyes and protect his genitals from the opposite sex. And also not excessive and in wearing jewelry.
The point is that a young believer should always do what Allah has commanded and also stay away from what Allah has forbidden. A strong young man is not because he is able to lift heavy weights, or can fight with big people, but because he is strong, a young man who is able to restrain his emotions and is able to control his passions.
Such are the rules of association between adolescent boys and adolescent girls. These strict rules should be obeyed by our youth today. The ideal teenager is a teenager who adheres to the teachings of Islam. This kind of youth is a great hope for the revival of Islam. Violating these regulations means that we do not comply with the teachings outlined in the Qur’an. Wallahua’lam.
Islam places youth in a special and very distinctive position. Many hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad and the statements of the hukama treat youth as special and special times.