Muslimcreed.com – Adab has a meaning of politeness, friendliness, and refinement of character. Adab is closely related to morals or commendable behavior. Linguists also mostly mention that adab is intelligence and accuracy in dealing with everything. Likewise, some other scholars also argue that adab is a word or speech that collects all good things in it.
Adab is a norm or rule regarding manners based on religious rules. Norms about etiquette are often used in the interactions that occur between humans, between neighbors, and between people.
The term civilized person actually means that that person knows the rules of etiquette or manners prescribed in Islam. But over time, the words civilized and uncivilized are associated with the general aspect of politeness and not specifically combined in Islam.
Adab is very important in human life. People who have etiquette will usually be protected from disgraceful acts. So do not be surprised if adab is very important. Adab certainly needs to be taught from a young age. Children who have been given lessons about etiquette will grow up to be better individuals than their peers.
Understanding Adab According to Experts
So that Grameds can understand more deeply the meaning of adab, here are some definitions of adab according to experts:
The first opinion of Al-Jurjani adab is a process to obtain knowledge that is learned with the aim of preventing students from doing or forms of mistakes that are made later.
2. Ibrahim Anis
Ibrahim Anis gives the opinion that adab is a science whose object is to discuss values related to human actions.
3. Soegarda Poerbakawatja
Soegarda Poerbakawatja also conveyed that adab is character, character, decency, namely good behavior which is the result of the right attitude of the soul towards its creator and towards fellow human beings.
4. Hamza Ya’qub
According to Hamzah Ya’qub adab is a science that determines the boundaries between good and bad, between praiseworthy and despicable, about human words or actions physically and mentally.
The science that provides an understanding of good and bad, the science that teaches human association and states their ultimate goal of all their efforts and work.
5. Ibn Miskawaih
Adab is a condition inherent in the human soul, which is carried out easily, without going through a thought process or consideration in daily activities.
Parents are required to be role models in teaching good morals to their children. Give examples of how to behave, not be selfish, help others, including how to be a good Muslim and Muslimah according to the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad. Teaching adab to children certainly has several functions, such as:
- – Be a human or a Muslim with good character
- – Make intercession in the afterlife
- – Make adab as the best inheritance
- – Great reward earned by parents
- – The reward of giving life to children
To get deeper knowledge about adab and etiquette for children, Grameds can get his book which is available at www.gramedia.com. As #FriendsWithout Limits we always try to give the best!
Adab is a Norm with Many Functions
Adab is certainly important for humans, because adab is one part of noble character which will later require humans to be able to become better individuals and be able to place themselves in certain places and times.
Here are some functions of adab.
1. Able to Take Responsibility for His Responsibilities
A civilized human being is a human being who is able to be responsible for the rights and obligations he has. For civilized humans, they will know what responsibilities should be carried out and which should not be carried out. It is the same with what good deeds should be done and what bad deeds should be abandoned.
2. Can Make Humans Civilized and Just
Later civilized humans will have a person who can act fairly so that later they can be used as a leader. Civilized humans are used to having an attitude that can humanize humans and is fair in doing anything. It is things like this that make civilized human beings trustworthy and able to become a leader.
3. Feeling He Is Far From Smart
Civilized humans will also usually continue to learn, including wanting to improve themselves so that they can perfect their morals. Civilized man will thirst for knowledge and consider himself far from perfect. They will continue to learn from anyone, not feeling the younger one has less knowledge. People who have manners can learn anywhere and easily adapt to get along with anyone.
4. Adab Grows Love for Allah
Adab is also one of the things that can foster a person’s love for his Creator and also for fellow human beings. A civilized person will always need Allah, He will always ask Allah for forgiveness and protection. Because he realized he was nothing in this world.
5. Refrain from Violent Deeds
With adab, it can prevent humans from committing disgraceful or vile acts. Civilized people are reluctant to do things that can harm themselves and others. Civilized people will try to make those around them feel helped by their presence, not make it difficult.
6. Great Reward
Civilized people will always do positive things and of course it will be counted as a reward. Everything that a civilized person does will be counted as a reward if it is positive and will continue to benefit everyone.