Although both are part of the science of monotheism, monotheism uluhiyah and rububiyah are two different things. Before getting to know more about the differences between the two, it would be nice to know the meaning of each first.
Tauhid Uluhiyah is to unite or unite Allah SWT in every worship activity. Therefore, all kinds of worship must be done only to and for Allah alone. This is as the word of God in QS. Al Baqarah:163.
While monotheism rububiyah is to unite God as the only creator and regulator of all things that exist in the world and in the hereafter. The meaning of monotheism rububiyah is also stated in the Koran, precisely in the letter Al A’raaf verse 54.
Already know the meaning of monotheism uluhiyah and rububiyah, then what are the differences between the two?
Uluhiyah comes from the word “Ilah”, which means belief. When combined, uluhiyah has the meaning of belief that only God is true. This is reflected in the creed “Laailaaha illallah” which means that there is no god worthy of worship other than Allah.
Meanwhile, in Islamic terminology, monotheism rububiyah is intended as the belief that Allah is the only creator, preserver, and regulator of the universe. Every Muslim who declares himself to believe in Allah is obliged to acknowledge Allah as the only creator and ruler.
In conclusion, monotheism rububiyah is related to belief in Allah, and is the reason for monotheism uluhiyah. Meanwhile, monotheism uluhiyah is a belief related to the realization of monotheism rububiyah. In essence, with the belief that Allah is the only one who has the right to be worshiped (tawhid rububiyah), it causes us to worship and worship only Allah (tawhid uluhiyah).
There are so many religious books that discuss Tawhid Uluhiyah and Rububiyah, but not everyone understands the realization. Although the concept of monotheism is well understood, the two are close enough that it is rather difficult to distinguish between the practices in life.
The Realization of Tawhid Rububiyyah
Rububiyyah is a word that is attributed to one of the names of Allah, namely Rabb. This name has several meanings, including: al-murabbi (maintainer), an-nasir (helper), al-malik (owner), al-mushlih (who repairs), as-sayyid (master) and al-wali (guardian). ).
In Islamic shari’ah terminology, the term tawhid rububiyyah means: “believing that only Allah is the only creator, owner, controller of the universe by whose destiny he turns on and turns off and controls nature with His sunnahs.”
Tawhid rububiyah includes the following dimensions of faith: First, faith in God’s general actions. For example, creating, providing sustenance, turning on, turning off, controlling. Second, believe in Allah’s destiny. Third, believe in the essence of God.
The Realization of Uluhiyah Tauhid
The word Uluhiyah is taken from the root word ilah which means that which is worshiped and who is obeyed. This word is used to refer to the right and wrong worship.
The understanding of monotheism uluhiyah in the terminology of Islamic law does not actually come out of these two meanings. The definition is to unite Allah in worship and obedience. Or unite Allah in actions such as prayer, fasting, zakat, pilgrimage, vows, slaughtering, fear, hope and love. What this means is that we carry out orders and leave His prohibitions as evidence of obedience and solely to seek the pleasure of Allah.
Therefore, the true realization of monotheism uluhiyah can only occur on two grounds: First, to give all forms of worship to Allah alone, without any other partner. Second, all worship should be in accordance with Allah’s commands and leave His prohibition of doing evil.
Then a deep understanding that is used as the main focus for students is the philosophy of God, namely Allah SWT. As everything, and everything that He created is destroyed, except Allah.
That’s a review of the monotheism of Uluhiyah and Rububiyah and their differences. May be useful!