The month of Rajab is a month that is glorified by Allah, because in this month Muslims are prohibited from fighting. On the other hand, Allah swt commands Muslims to honor and respect him. Even when the month of Rajab came, the Prophet Muhammad also used to pray:
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيْ رَجَبَ وَشَعْبَانَ وَبَلِّغْنَا رَمَضَانَ
Latin reading: Allahummabariklana fi rajabawasya’banawaballighnaramadlana
Meaning: O Allah, bless us in the month of Rajab and the month of Sha’ban and bring us to the month of Ramadan.
In Islamic history, the glory of the month of Rajab also occurs because of several important historical events in this month. Among them there are six historical events in the month of Rajab, namely:
1. The journey of Isra and Mi’raj
In this month, the Prophet Muhammad performed Isra and Mi’raj, traveling with the Angel Gabriel from the Kaaba in Mecca to the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem. From there, the Prophet then traveled through the seven heavens on the 27th of Rajab.
2. Beginning of Prayer Command
Muslims believe that when the Messenger of Allah performed the Mi’raj of Prophet Muhammad (ascension to heaven) and Allah swt established the obligatory prayers five times a day for every Muslim.
3. Battle of Tabuk
In this month, the Tabuk war took place to coincide in the year 9 H./630 AD. The Battle of Tabuk took place in the month of Rajab, nine years after the hijarah of the Prophet Muhammad. The call for war was announced when the Byzantine Empire was mobilized to attack the Muslim nation.
4. Liberation of Jerusalem
Also in the month of Rajab, the Jerusalem area was liberated from the crusaders by Saladin Al-Ayubi in the year 583 of the hijri calendar. The liberation march started by Muslim leader Imad ad-Din Zingi, culminated in a landslide victory at the hands of Saldin.
5. End of the Islamic Caliphate
The caliphate was officially abolished on 28 Rajab in 1342 Hijriyah. The abolition of the caliphate occurred with the end of the ottoman caliphate based in Turkey.
6. The first hijrah of the prophet muhammad saw
the Prophet made the first hijra to Habasyah in the month of Rajab in the fifth year of the prophethood.
7. Birth of Ali bin Abi Talib
3 Rajab the birthday of Ali bin Abi Talib. He was born around 23 years pre-hijri / 599 AD in Mecca, the Hijaz region, the Arabian Peninsula. He was one of the first to believe in the message of the Prophet. In among children. He is also the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad. After marrying Fatimah Az Zahra. He served as one of the fourth caliphs from 656-661.
Sayyidina Ali bin Abi Talib was one of a most beloved companions of the Prophet Muhammad. Although he is 32 years younger than the Prophet Muhammad. It did not become a barrier for him to be side by side in the struggle to uphold the religion of Islam with Muhammad saw.
When he was a child and a teenager, he spent a lot of time with the Messenger of Allah. Thus, he received direct and continuous education from the Messenger of Allah. And he was never polluted by the practices and matters of ignorance. He died on the 21st of Ramadan 40 H/661 M.
8. The death of the Muslim imam
24/25 Rajab 261 H. Imam Muslim died. He is a scholar who is juxtaposed with the name of Imam Al Bukhari in the narration of hadith commonly referred to as muttafaq ‘alaih (agreed hadith). He was born in Naisabur in 202 H./817 AD His full name is Imam Abu Al Husein Muslim bin Al Hajjaj bin Muslim bin Kausaj Al-Qusyairi Al-Naisaburi.
Naisabur is one of the cities of knowledge and the center of civilization in Central Asia, such as Baghdad in the Middle Ages and Bukhara (the hometown of Imam Al Bukhari). Thanks to his sincerity and seriousness, his book Sahih Muslim is the second most authentics book of hadith (authoritative) after the authentic book of Al Bukhari. Apart from being a reliable and conscientious narrator, Imam Muslim is also a prolific writer. He wrote more than 10 books, the majority which were about aqidah and fiqh. Among them are Al Jami ‘As Sahih (Sahih Muslim) and Al Musnad Al Kabir.
9. The death of Imam AsyShafi’i
At the end of the month Rajab, Nashirus Sunnah, namely Imam AsySyafii died which coincided in 204 H. at the age in 54 years.
These are some important events the occurred in month of Rajab in Islamic history. May we all not forget the history that happened in this glorious month, and multiply the prayers taught by the prophet in this month in Rajab.
Read also : Commemorate the Month of Rajab in 2022