Story of the Uhud War
Muslimcreed.com – Jabal Uhud, including one of the hills that have an important historical value in the history of Islam. On this hill, there was a very heartbreaking war in the history of Islam. The troops of the Muslims, led directly by the Prophet Muhammad, fought all-out with the polytheists of the city of Mecca.
This sad story is described by the Apostle by calling this hill a hill that will later be seen in Heaven. So, Muslims who will now carry out the pilgrimage and take the time to make a pilgrimage to Mount Uhud, God willing, while in Heaven will also witness this hill again.
The sadness of the Prophet Muhammad on Mount Uhud, cannot be separated from the story of the battle that occurred in this area. In that battle, hundreds of the Prophet’s companions died. The uncle of the Apostle, Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib, died and was buried on this hill.
The Prophet Muhammad SAW said, the Muslims who died and were buried in Uhud had no other place except their souls in the green bird that crossed the Heavenly River. The birds eat their food from the fruits that are in the garden of paradise, and will never run out of food.
In the Uhud area, spiritual and political battles in the true sense did occur. At that time, the troops were given a choice between loyalty to religion and a love of wealth. Looking at the location and the hilly area that surrounds it, one can imagine how difficult the battlefield was at that time.
The war in the Uhud area began with the desire for revenge on the Quraysh infidels after their defeat in the Battle of Badr. They planned to attack the Muslims in Medina. The incident occurred on 15 Shawwal 3 H, or around March 625 AD.
Facing the attack plan, the Prophet ordered a line of Muslim troops to meet the infidels outside the city of Medina. The strategy was drawn up. A total of 50 archers, by the Messenger of Allah who led his troops directly, were stationed above Jabal Uhud.
They were ordered to wait on the hill, to attack if the Quraysh invaded, especially the cavalry. While the other troops, waiting at the gap of the hill.
So, the war between the troops of the Muslims who numbered 700 people against the polytheists of Mecca, which numbered 3,000 people, finally broke out. In that terrible war, the Muslim troops had won a resounding victory.
However, this victory turned into a sad story, because the Muslim archer troops who had been stationed on Mount Uhud, were tempted by the goods of the polytheists who had previously fled.
Seeing the polytheists fleeing and their luggage lying in the valley of Uhud, the archers left their post by descending the hill.
In the Battle of Uhud, hundreds of the Prophet’s companions died and the Prophet Muhammad was injured.
Previously the Prophet Muhammad had instructed not to leave Mount Uhud, no matter what happened.
The existence of the vacant post by the archer was used by the commander of the polytheists, Khalid bin Walid (before converting to Islam) to move his army back to attack the Muslims. Khalid bin Walid was previously described as a strategist who led a cavalry army.
As a result of the counterattack, the Muslims suffered not a few defeats. A total of 70 friends died as martyrs. Including the uncle of the Prophet, Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib. The Prophet SAW was very sad over the death of his uncle.
The death of the prophet’s uncle was caused by the actions of Hindun bint Utbah, the wife of a polytheist, who hired Wahsyi Alhabsyi, a slave, to kill Hamzah.
Hindun took revenge because his father was killed by Hamzah in the Battle of Badr. Wahsyi was promised to get independence if he could kill Hamzah in this war.
In that battle, the Prophet Muhammad also suffered severe injuries. His companions who became the protective shield of the Prophet died with their bodies filled with arrows.
After the war was over and the polytheists withdrew back to Mecca, the Prophet Muhammad ordered that his fallen companions be buried where they fell, so that there was one grave to bury some martyrs.
The bodies of these Uhud martyrs were finally buried near the site of the war and prayed one by one before being buried.
As for Sayidina Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib, pray 70 times. He was buried together with Abdullah bin Jahshi (cousin of the Prophet) in a separate location from the location of the other martyrs.