The meaning of zakat fitrah is obligatory and the problems
Zakat is among the responsibilities of a Muslim, both guys, and ladies. Therefore, Allah SWT has ordered us to constantly pay zakat inning accordance with the nisab and transport. There are various meanings of obligatory zakat, one which is zakat fitrah.
What is meant by zakat fitrah? What is the meaning of zakat fitrah and its arrangements? how a lot zakat fitrah must be issued? When should zakat fitrah be issued? Suppose we are unable to pay zakat fitrah? Find the answer listed below.
What is meant by Zakat Fitrah?
The meaning of zakat fitrah is among the kinds of zakat that must be issued in the month of Ramadan by every independent and qualified individual and by the problems that have been set. Zakat itself has become one component of the fourth pillar of Islam. Therefore, Islam requires zakat to be among the columns of religious beliefs. We as Muslims are obliged to constantly pay zakat, particularly zakat fitrah.
The meaning and purpose of providing zakat fitrah are to tidy up riches and as a complement to our not eating worship. Without zakat fitrah, our not eating isn’t complete.
“From Ibn Umar radhiallahu anhuma, indeed the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: I was commanded to fight against people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establish prayer, pay zakat. If they do that then their blood and property will be protected except by the right of Islam and their reckoning is with Allah Subhanahu wata’ala.” (Narrated by Bukhari no. 25; Muslim no. 22)
The purpose of tithing is to equip the bad and 8 teams of zakat receivers so that their lives will slowly improve. Additionally, when muzakki problems zakat, it promotes convenience in social life and promotes sensations of appreciation for having the ability to help others to be equally financially empowered.
What are the requirements for Muzakki Zakat Fitrah?
Before providing zakat fitrah, it’s better if we understand in advance the problems for zakat fitrah, which are as complies with:
Muslim and independent,
Satisfy 2 times, specifically in between the months of Ramadan and Shawwal also so for a minute,
Having actually riches that’s greater than his everyday needs for himself and those under his dependents on his Eid and evening.
The requirements over are the problems for individuals that are obliged to pay zakat fitrah. Some problems are not obligatory for zakat fitrah, specifically,
Individuals that pass away before sundown at completion of Ramadan,
Children birthed after sundown at completion of Ramadan,
Individuals that simply accepted Islam after sundown at completion of Ramadan,
A reliant spouse that simply married after sundown at completion of Ramadan.
When should zakat fitrah be issued?
If you’re among individuals that are obliged to issue zakat fitrah, friends of zakat should issue it at the correct time.
“Has informed us [Muslim container Amru container Muslim Abu Amru Al Khaddza’ Al Madani] has informed me [Abdullah container Nafi’ As Sha igh] from [Ibn Abu Zannad] from [Musa container Uqbah] from [Nafi’] from [Ibn Umar] that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam ordered to pay zakat fitrah before leaving (to the place of prayer) on Eid al-Fitr. Abu ‘Isa said this is a Hasan Sahih Gharib hadith, on this basis the scholars prefer to pay zakat fitrah before leaving for prayer.” (HR. Tirmidhi: 613)
From the hadith, it is said that zakat fitrah should be performed before the Eid prayer. However, it is also a smart idea to perform our zakat fitrah before the vacations so that our responsibilities are fulfilled faster.
Why do friends need to know when zakat fitrah is obligatory? Because it’s previous that time, friends are prohibited to give zakat fitrah. The following is a summary of the correct time to pay zakat fitrah.
Must Time: beginning from the start of Ramadan until completion of the month of Ramadan.
Mandatory Time: after sundown at completion of Ramadan.
Afdhal time: after carrying out the dawn prayer on the last day of Ramadan until before doing the Eid prayer.
Makruh time: perform the Eid prayer until before sundown.
Haram time: after sundown on Eid al-Fitr.
Launching from Ustadz H. Ahmad Fauzi Qosim, S.S., M.A., M.M as the Sharia Council of the Dompet Dhuafa Amil Zakat Organization, a a great deal of scholars (most of scholars) have enabled Zakat fitrah to be paid since the beginning of Ramadan, as specified in among guides of the Syafii institution of scholars:
Meaning: “It’s permissible to give priority to zakat fitrah beginning from the start of the fast of Ramadan because zakat fitrah is obligatory for 2 factors, specifically not eating in Ramadan and breaking the fast (al-fitra minhu). Thus, when among both is found, it’s permissible to focus on zakat fitrah over others, such as the ability to focus on zakat mal after getting to the nishab and before transporting…,” (See Abu Ishaq Asy-Syirazi, Al-Muhadzdzab fi Fiqhil Imamis Shafi’i, Beirut- Darul Fikr, tt, juz I, web page 165).
This enhances the MUI Fatwa Number 23 of 2020, worrying the Usage of Zakat, Infaq, and Sadaqah Possessions for Combating Covid-19 and its Impact.
How a lot Zakat Fitrah must be issued?
Friends of Zakat want to issue zakat fitrah currently? After knowing the problems when to perform zakat fitrah, it’s better for friends to also know how a lot zakat fitrah must be issued each individual.
Zakat fitrah is zakat that must be issued before the Eid prayer occurs. The kind of zakat is our staple food and in Indonesia itself the staple food is rice.
Every young child to adult must pay zakat fitrah of one sha which is equivalent to 3.5 litres or 2.5 kg of rice. If the Buddy of Zakat desires to change it with money, the Buddy must pay inning accordance with the price of the 2.5 rice. Additionally, friends can disperse it to the nearest mosque or a relied on amil zakat organization.