Wisdom is the result of consistent discipline or effort. Usually in the science of Sufism is called istiqamah which is usually done in a fairly long time.
Wisdom can be understood not only from the knowledge we learn from books and not from the events that we experience in everyday life. Wisdom is one of reflection and seriousness in utilizing knowledge, a reflection and seriousness in utilizing the knowledge of a room and sincerity in utilizing the knowledge of science and the events that we experience in everyday life.
There is also another opinion that wisdom is a reflection and sincerity that utilizes knowledge and events. And see the relationship or the links that exist in it and discuss the source and purpose.
Therefore, it is our duty and obligation to foster a sense of love for Al-wisdom in the lives of students at every level of learning and age level of life.
On the other hand, if we talk about wisdom, then we will be able to see thoughts about justice, wisdom, and goodness in religious teachings, moral teachings and reason which are actually sourced from the Qur’an.
Wisdom is a word that comes from the word “hakama” or a word that uses the letters ha, kaf and mim. What Ibn Faris defines as “al-mani” that hinders, such as hakam which prevents persecution, control for animals is called hakama which means preventing the animal from leading to unwanted or wild.
According to Muhammad Quraish Shihab, wisdom is also taken from the word hakama which originally meant to hinder. From the beginning of the same word, a word that has the meaning of control is formed, which is something whose function is to lead to the good and avoid the bad.
To achieve this goal, knowledge and the ability to apply it are needed. In essence, the relationship between humans and humans is a partnership relationship.
From this it can be understood why the verses of the Qur’an describe the wisdom related to the life of reason, justice, knowledge, thought and goodness as a mutually perfect relationship that cannot be fulfilled except on the basis of wisdom.
Definition of Wisdom
The obligation to seek knowledge is for every Muslim. Because, knowledge will facilitate all affairs in everyday life. Both academic knowledge and religion, both are equally important.
Even the Prophet obliges his people to seek knowledge. However, the pursuit of knowledge should also be accompanied by the knowledge of wisdom. By understanding the knowledge of wisdom, a Muslim will become a humble person.
Wisdom is knowledge of the Qur’an and hadith with goodness that goes beyond the limits of the Shari’ah, to the point of essence and makrifat. With the knowledge of wisdom, a person will become an intelligent and wise person. Allah gives His wisdom to those He wills. This is stated in Surah Al Baqarah verse 269.
Every Muslim should learn wisdom. Because many things in life become messy and misguided because humans have lost wisdom.
There is only one way to learn the science of wisdom, namely through the transfer of knowledge. The transfer of knowledge in question is learning the wisdom of the experts by relying on all the senses that humans have.
This is what the Companions did to the Prophet. When Rasulullah SAW conveyed knowledge to his friends, he conveyed it verbally in the form of words or practices that could be seen directly by the friends.
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “There are three things that save (from punishment), three things that destroy (bring people to their corruption), three things that increase the degree (several levels in the hereafter), and three things that remove sins.
There are 3 things that save, namely:
- 1. Fear Allah in secret or openly.
- 2. Being in poverty and wealth.
- 3. Balanced in pleasure and anger (i.e. pleased for Allah and angry for Allah).
There are 3 things that damage, namely:
- 1. Excessive stinginess by not wanting to give what is the right of Allah and the rights of creatures. In another narration, hunks are followed. As for if the stinginess is present in a person but is not indulged in, then this is not destructive because the stingy nature is a common trait in humans.
- 2. Lust that is always followed.
- 3. Admit to yourself. This means that a person views himself with a view of his perfection accompanied by neglect of the favors of Allah Ta’ala and feels safe from the loss of those favors.
The most beloved practice to Allah
Humans were created for a noble purpose, namely to serve and worship Allah Ta’ala. Islam is a realistic religion because it is in line with human nature. Allah the Exalted chose Islam as a religion that is pleasing to Him.
To achieve safety and happiness in this world and the hereafter, a servant is obliged to believe in and carry out all His suari’at, namely the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet plus the ijtihad of the scholars.
Talking about good deeds, there are many practices that can bring God’s pleasure. In addition to reviving the five pillars of Islam, Muslims must carry out what is recommended by the Prophet Muhammad.
1. Prayer on time
Prayer is the second pillar of Islam that is obligatory for Muslims and prayer is also the pillar of religion. Prayer is a serious matter in Islam. Prayer is the difference (separator) between a Muslim and a non-Muslim and is the first thing to be judged on the Day of Judgment.
By praying on time Allah will forgive our sins. Performing prayers on time is very loved by Allah SWT, one of which is by being forgiven for the sins of his servants like fallen leaves. Allah SWT will also reward heaven. For those who perform prayers on time will get heaven as a reward.
Prayer on time will also make our hearts feel calmer. Prayer is a conditioning of the heart, comfort and calm the soul. Prayer is an interaction between the servant and his Lord, when praying dhikr, with dhikr the heart becomes calm. Prayer will also be a light on the Day of Judgment.
2. Be devoted to both parents
In addition to praying at the beginning of time, the most beloved deed to Allah is filial piety to parents. Devotion to parents is the most important charity. If our parents are pleased with what we do, then Allah will be pleased too. Allah will help all our affairs in this world and in the hereafter.
By being devoted to both parents, you can eliminate the difficulties that are being experienced, namely by putting your trust in these pious deeds. If we are devoted to both parents, then Allah SWT will expand our sustenance and extend our life. The reward in the hereafter for those who are devoted to both parents can make us enter jannah (heaven) by Allah.
3. Jihad in the Way of Allah
The following is the wisdom of jihad in the way of Allah, namely:
- 1. Spread, uphold and defend the religion of Islam
- 2. Inviting Muslims to always work, preach and fight unceasingly, admonishing ma’ruf nahi munkar at all times at any time in order to create a good society in the sight of Allah swt.
- 3. Forming the unity of Muslims, instilling a sense of brotherhood of Muslims
- 4. Instilling a sense of brotherhood among Muslims
- 5. Work together to spread, uphold and defend the word of Allah on earth, namely the religion of Islam.
Examples of Wisdom in Everyday
The wisdom we get is usually also easy to find from everyday life. The following are examples of wisdom behavior in everyday life.
The lesson for example is when we go through a quarter life crisis or a period where it describes a period when a person experiences an emotional crisis that is in him. Usually this will occur at the age of a quarter century, which is between the middle of 20 to 30 years of a person’s age.
In this phase, a person is vulnerable to emotional turmoil including feelings of sadness, confusion, fear, isolation and anxiety about the future.
The trigger factors can come from financial problems, relationships, careers and values that are believed to be. However, behind it all, one actually just needs to live it as it should. Of course there must be wisdom in going through this phase. Some of the lessons that can be drawn from this phase include the following.
1. Be an Optimist and Keep Struggling Forward in Life
Wisdom is a long process that has been passed by someone. The wisdom behind us going through this phase is also very useful for our future, namely as a shaper for us to become someone who is optimistic and continues to struggle in living life.
Life is not easy. With this we can live life hoping to be better every day, and have the spirit of life to move forward every day.
2. More Accepting Current Life Circumstances
Wisdom is a long process that a person has gone through. When a person is in this phase, it can also teach that person to be more accepting of the current state of his life.
The emotional crisis that you face at the age of approaching adulthood is a process to train yourself to become a person who is more able to control the various emotions that exist within you. In addition, you can be more relaxed in accepting the current state of your life.
3. Teach the Meaning of Maturity in Taking a Stand
Wisdom is a process that a person has gone through in terms of religion and in his daily life. When that person is in the quarter life crisis phase, then the wisdom we get is that it will be able to teach us the meaning of maturity in taking a stand.
You will be careful with each other in making every decision or step in life. It will also affect the way you behave and act. Because in this phase you will also be trained to become a more mature person.
4. Learn to Understand Other People’s Minds
By doing this, we will become people who don’t just look at facts and rush to judge something without understanding the process of something happening.
For example, before judging other people’s actions, we need to investigate further about the reasons or reasons for that person choosing that action. That way, we can avoid being in a hurry to cause unnecessary fanfare.
5. Respect and Respect the Rights of Others
By learning to respect and respect the rights of others by reflecting on every incident. The formula is that we will be happy if we get respect and appreciation from others, and vice versa, people will be happy if we get respect from us. Therefore, try to choose an attitude that does not violate the rights of others.
6. Knowing the Kindness of Others
Try to find out more about what other people do to you. That way, you can find out how far the relationship between actions and their motivations, beliefs and interests. It can keep you away from the possibility of making a wrong move.
7. Be careful what you do
Be more careful and careful with your own actions. Keep in mind, we should not only judge the actions of others, but we also need to examine every step we take. In an event that we think is wrong, it could actually be more right for someone else than what you are doing.